PIAAC-AMAL adaptation measures

Below is the English translation of the 100 adaptation measures listed in the Intermunicipal Climate Change Adaptation Plan of the Algarve (PIAAC-AMAL).

Cross-sectoral measures
Sectoral strategic options and measures
  • MT01: Remodeling agricultural irrigation infrastructure with the aim of reducing losses
  • MT02: Decreasing water needs in urban green areas and promoting biodiversity
  • MT03: Implementing water retention and self-supply techniques
  • MT04: Creating retention basins, building/rehabilitating weirs and reservoirs
  • MT05: Ensuring the good ecological state of surface water bodies
  • MT06: Reconverting monocultures into agroforestry or pasture systems
  • MT07: Implementing agricultural practices that improve infiltration and retention of water in the soil
  • MT08: Managing human pressure on protected areas (compatibility between sport/leisure activities and natural values)
  • MT09: Raising population awareness about the importance of ecosystems
  • MT10: Reducing the flood peak using bioengineering techniques (renaturalisation or restoration of riparian ecosystems)
  • MT11: Establishing monitoring programs for biological communities and ecosystems, as a basis to adopt informed measures (e.g. valuation of ecosystems)
  • MT12: Increasing green areas (using autochthonous species whenever possible) in order to increase infiltration areas and improve thermal comfort in urban areas
  • MT13: Protecting the dunes
  • MT14: Devising bioclimatic studies of public space (present and future)
  • MT15: Promoting bioclimatic architecture in new buildings, facades and existing roofs
  • MT16: Encouraging smart consumption of electricity and during off-peak hours
  • MT17: Creating water networks for condensation in heat pumps and combined use of water
  • MT18: Introducing artificial structures to promote the inclusion of water in public spaces
  • MT19: Controlling air temperature through micro-sprinklers
  • MT20: Generating shading areas using artificial or natural materials
  • MT21: Promoting the use of local renewable heat sources for the production of refrigeration
  • MT22: Exploring new markets and emerging opportunities as a result of climate change
  • MT23: Delimiting coastal risk areas
  • MT24: Reducing pressure on systems or areas with coastal risk
  • MT25: Increasing infrastructure resilience, protecting in a combined way (remodeling of spurs and artificial beach nourishment)
  • MT26: Protecting with breakwaters
  • MT27: Promoting adapted buildings (concessions)
  • MT28: Promoting the retreat and relocation of occupation to risk-free zones
  • MT29: Protecting with beach nourishment
  • MT30: Artificially nourishing beaches and dunes
  • MT31: Increasing the level of knowledge of the population in general (and the most vulnerable groups in particular) and floating population, as well as public and private institutions, regarding the adoption of good practices to deal with climate change vulnerabilities
  • MT32: Providing the resident and floating population with a spatial analysis online platform, to assess the geographic distribution and intensity of the various vulnerabilities that are connected to the security of persons and goods, both currently and under climate change scenarios. This platform includes a warning system
  • MT33: Improving the buildings that are inhabited by socially vulnerable population (excludes social housing, cooperatives and associations)
  • MT34: Improving the buildings that inhabited by socially vulnerable population (social housing, cooperatives and associations)
  • MT35: Adding active and passive ways of cooling in public transport
  • MT36: Strengthening and enabling health care delivery systems to deal with the progressive increase of high temperatures
  • MT37: Raising awareness among the population about the effects of air pollution and aerobiological agents
  • MT38: Raising awareness among the population about coastal risks
  • MT39: Monitoring shoreline evolution
  • MT40: Implementing forecasting and warning systems

AGRI1: Minimising the consequences of water scarcity

  • AGRI1.1: Increasing efficiency in irrigation use
  • AGRI1.2: Using species (preferably autochthonous) or varieties that are adapted to the Algarve’s edaphoclimatic conditions
  • AGRI1.3: Using autumn/winter crops or varieties that are suitable for production outside the warmest periods (earlier or later)
  • AGRI1.4: Installing windbreaks (hedges with autochthonous species) to minimise evaporation
  • AGRI1.5: Minimising the impacts of climate change on animal husbandry

AGRI2: Keeping soil fertility and preventing degradation and erosion

  • AGRI2.1: Minimising mechanical soil damage
  • AGRI2.2: Implementing good land cover management practices
  • AGRI2.3: Enriching the soil organically 

AGRI3: Promoting adaptive capacity within the agricultural community

  • AGRI3.1: Promoting training and awareness-raising actions
  • AGRI3.2: Encouraging the reoccupation of abandoned land

BIODIV1: Improving habitat quality and management

  • BIODIV1.1: Managing human pressure on protected areas (economic activities or others resulting from them), through the preparation of management plans
  • BIODIV1.2: Managing human pressure on protected areas (household waste)
  • BIODIV1.3: Monitoring pressures on natural habitats (with particular relevance to Natura 2000 network sites)
  • BIODIV1.4: Monitoring and controlling invasive species and their effects on natural ecosystems

BIODIV2: Adapting biodiversity protection to climate change

  • BIODIV2.1: Increasing connectivity between Natura 2000 network sites
  • BIODIV2.2: Creating plans and dynamic protected areas
  • BIODIV2.3: Planning translocation of species actions
  • BIODIV2.4: Monitoring the impacts of salt wedge evolution and mean sea level rise in estuaries and coastal lagoons

ZC1: Retreating occupation in vulnerable coastal areas

  • ZC1.1: Renaturalising unoccupied areas, after retreat of occupation

ZC2: Protecting vulnerable coastal zones

  • ZC2.1: Promoting cliff stabilisation
  • ZC2.2: Promoting controlled demolition of cliffs and protecting against falling rocks

ECON4: Incorporating climate change adaptation in the tourism sector

  • ECON4.1: Raising awareness among tourists regarding sustainable tourism in the Algarve and the consequences of climate change in the region

ENERG1: Promoting energy efficiency in buildings and industry

  • ENERG1.1: Promoting bioclimatic architecture in local public administration buildings
  • ENERG1.2: Strengthening the Regional Energy and Environment Agency of the Algarve (AREAL)’s mission and resources

FLORT1: Minimising the forests’ susceptibility to forest fires

  • FLORT1.1: Reconverting monocultures into vegetation mosaics (mixed populations), preferably autochthonous, in order to create discontinuity in the forest cover and glade areas
  • FLORT1.2: Using autochthonous species that are adapted to the Algarve’s edaphoclimatic conditions
  • FLORT1.3: Adopting sustainable forest management and preventive forestry practices

FLORT2: Responding to the geographic shift of species’ tolerance limits

  • FLORT2.1: Replacing forest species with others that are more resistant to drought
  • FLORT2.2: Promoting scientific research in order to introduce species that are adapted to hot and dry climates

SH2: Preventing vector-borne diseases and minimising impacts on the population if those diseases occur

  • SH2.1: Strengthening entomological surveillance and vector control (mosquitoes)
  • SH2.2: Strengthening and/or enabling epidemiological surveillance mechanisms for vector-borne diseases (mosquitoes)
  • SH2.3: Detecting and eliminating artificial breeding sites and water collections near dwellings
  • SH2.4: Strengthening and/or enabling health care delivery systems to deal with the occurrence of vector-borne diseases (mosquitoes)

SH3: Minimising the population’s vulnerability to air pollution

  • SH3.1: Expanding and improving measurement networks for air pollutants and aerobiological agents
  • SH3.2: Strengthening and/or enabling the National Health Service structures to deal with the effects of air pollution and aerobiological agents
  • SH3.3: Developing air pollutant concentration models for the Algarve region, considering climate change scenarios

SPB1: Minimising vulnerability to floods (and flash floods)

  • SPB1.1: Creating and/or increasing the height of protection dikes
  • SPB1.2: Creating barriers against flooding in urban space
  • SPB1.3: Implementing flood barriers in particularly exposed buildings
  • SPB1.4: Resizing rainwater drainage systems in urban areas and/or creating reservoirs

SPB2: Adjusting emergency planning considering climate change

  • SPB2.1: Promoting specific insurance products to cover damage caused by climate vulnerabilities
  • SPB2.2: Implementing emergency planning measures for floods (and flash floods)
  • SPB2.3: Implementing emergency planning measures for forest fires
  • SPB2.4: Implementing emergency planning measures for very high temperatures and heat waves
  • SPB2.5: Implementing emergency planning measures for droughts
  • SPB2.6: Implementing emergency planning measures for coastal risks
  • SPB2.7: Validating responsiveness by competent entities and integrating the projected effects of climate change into emergency planning

SPB3: Increasing knowledge about climate change and raising awareness among the population

  • SPB3.1: Implementing an intermunicipal climate monitoring network
  • SPB3.2: Introducing or strengthening surveillance systems for priority climate vulnerabilities
  • SPB3.3: Preparing Municipal Climate Change Adaptation Strategies/Plans, incorporating and deepening the results obtained with the PIAAC-AMAL

TRANS1: Adapting infrastructure project, renovation and maintenance practices to future climate patterns

  • TRANS1.1: Incorporating climate change into the scaling of transport and communications infrastructures
  • TRANS1.2: Reviewing and communicating procedures and frequency of monitoring and maintenance

TRANS2: Improving the quality and safety conditions of transport use

  • TRANS2.1: Raising awareness among the population regarding self-protection measures in public transport and active mobility
  • TRANS2.2: Raising awareness among the population regarding self-protection measures in individual transport
  • TRANS2.3: Raising awareness among tourist operators on the effects of extreme climate in transport

RH1: Increasing the availability of water resources

  • RH1.1: Remodeling urban water supply systems in order to reduce losses
  • RH1.2: Treating and reusing wastewater for agricultural and lesser purposes
  • RH1.3: Implementing techniques to promote the artificial recharge of aquifers
  • RH1.4: Reassessing the feasibility of new dams and promoting their construction
  • RH1.5: Reassessing the feasibility of a desalination plant and promoting its construction
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